Puncture Vine

Tribulus terrestris

Puncture Vine

Other Names:

Bullheads, Goat Head, Small Caltrop, Gokshur, And Gokharu


  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antitumor
  • Hepatoprotective
  • Cardioprotective
  • Neuroprotective
Puncture vine ( Tribulus terrestris) is a medicinal plant which has been used as a folk medicine for thousands of years in ayurvedic medicine. It is also a common weed that grows in many countries across the globe. It is best known for its healing property in sexual difficulties, impotence, and human and animal hormonal imbalance resulting in reduced libido.

The fruits and roots have been used in humans for the treatment of urinary affection, urinary calculi, polyuria, dyspnoea, cough, piles dysuria, heart disease and as a gastric stimulant. In native Chinese medicine, the leaves are used for treatment of stomach problems, bladder stones, male reproductive disorders and ocular diseases.

Important:The same properties which make puncture vine a useful medicinal plant can also be toxic. A side effect of puncture vine is increased testosterone levels in males and number of growing ovarian follicles in females. Neither of these are desirable for behavioral considerations in males and in hens with reproductive disorders.

Poultry Specific Studies

TypePlant PartDosageSpecific useResultsRef
Broilerspowder0.75 g/kg feedGrowth performanceGrowth performance and absolute and relative weights of the liver and kidney had no negative effects. Liver and kidney functional tests showed no significant effects. Exhibited higher weights, lengths, and weight-to-length ratios of the small intestine, and relative lengths of the duodenum.M Al-Garadi et al., 2022
Hens10-30 ml/LImmunityHad beneficial effects on productive performance of laying hens reared under cold stress condition. M Akbari et al., 2016
Chicks1 to 5 g/kg of feedImmunityHelped positively influence growth performance and immune responses.Faramarz Fekri Yazdi et al., 2014