Trigonella foenum-graecum


Other Names:

Bird's Foot, Greek Hayseed, Hu-lu-ba, K'u-tou, Methi


  • Antioxidant
  • Antispasmodic
  • Appetite-stimulant
  • Wound-healing
  • Antitumor
  • Heptoprotective
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an annual plant that is grown mainly in India, Pakistan, and China. It's seeds possess many beneficial effects such as hypoglycemic, anti-helminthic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial properties. Nutritional-wise, fenugreek is a rich source of protein, fatty acids, and minerals such as phosphorus, iron, zinc, magnesium, and calcium. It also contains many flavonoids, polysaccharides, saponins, and alkaloids (trigonelline and choline). Specific applications studied in poultry include:
  • Antidiabetic: Fenugreek contains an amino acid called 4-hydroxyisoleucine, which works to normalize glucose metabolism by increasing the body's production of insulin when blood sugar levels are high.
  • Anti-stress: A research study conducted on broilers showed that their body weight increased significantly and had improved feed conversion ratios when they were provided higher amounts of fenugreek seed powder in their diet (10 to 40 g/kg).

Poultry Specific Studies

TypePlant PartDosageSpecific useResultsRef
Broilersseed extract0.1% dietperformancecan improve the early weight gain, total tract digestibility, and decrease excreta ammonia gas emission of broilers. In addition, reduction in total- and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol was observed.JH Park et al., 2014
Chickensseeds1% dietGI healththe histomorphological findings of jejunum revealed the beneficial effect of dandelion leaves, fenugreek seeds and enzymes on the intestinal mucosa in terms of cellular infiltration, architecture of villi, villus height/crypt depth ratio, thereby improving the intestinal health.S Qureshi et al., 2016
Henspowder and extract1-2% dietappetite increaseFeed intake increased linerally by adding fenugreek powder to the diet of the hens.S Samani et al., 2020