|Type||Plant Part||Dosage||Specific use||Results||Ref|
|Chickens||forage and root||60-120 g/kg diet||fiber-rich feed||chicory forage is a potentially useful fiber-rich feed ingredient with high palatability for broiler chickens.||H Liu et al., 2011|
|Broilers||1 kg/ton of diet||GI health||increased the duodenal villus height, villus width and villus height to crypt depth ratio and decreased the villus height and crypt depth in both jejenum and ileum. Furthermore, dietary chicory relatively modified the small intestinal electrogenic transport of glucose in broilers.||W Awad et al., 2011|
|Hens||fresh forage||8% of diet||GI health||increased egg weight, yolk colour, total amino acids and delicious amino acids in muscles, and decreased abdominal fat yield compared to the control. However, increased average daily feed intake, increased feed conversion ratio, increased mortality and decreased eggshell strength were observed in chickens fed chicory forage than in those fed a basal diet. Dietary supplementation of chicory forage stimulated the proliferation of the Lactobacillus in ileum and the Bacteroides in caecum, and depressed pathogenic microbes including the Rikenella, thereby further improved intestinal health and nutrient utilisation.||M Zheng et al., 2019|
|Chickens||root extract||500 mg/kg of diet||antioxidant||could enhance broiler chicken growth performance, carcass characteristics, liver function, lipid profile, and antioxidant status. These extracts could be utilized as natural feed additives and growth promoters for broiler chickens.||H Gazwi et al., 2022|
|Chickens||root powder||1% of diet||GI health||When combined with probiotic and coriander seed powder, significantly lowered the pH in the gut, increased Lactobacillus counts, and reduced E. coli and Salmonella counts in the ileum.||S Gurram et al., 2022|
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