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Crooked Toes

Other Names: Bent Toes

Crooked toes (CT) is a skeletal condition, characterized by the curving or curling of one or more of the toes. One or both feet may be affected, with severity ranging from mild to severe. If the condition is caught early on, it can often be corrected, although even without intervention, chickens with crooked toes can live normal lives.

Depending on the severity, chickens with crooked toes may be more at risk of developing bumblefoot.

Clinical Signs

Bent or crooked toes


  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam


Corrective grow-with-me sandal: If the deformity is caught early on, when the chick is still growing, trace around the chick's foot on a piece of paper using a pencil.
Using coffee stirrers, pipe cleaners, wooden skewers or other similar material, cut to the length of the chick's foot, as if it were it's normal appearance.
Secure the pipe cleaners (or similar-like material) to the toes of the chick using Vetwrap or duck tape (even normal tape would work). It should be snug but not too tight, as you don't want to cut off circulation in the chick's foot.
Secure the cardboard (or similar-like material to the bottom of the chick's foot and to the pipe cleaners. :



  • Ensuring chicks are raised on a surface other than wire or of slippery material.
  • Feeding a balanced diet

Scientific References

Good Overviews

Age Range

Newly hatched chicks are at risk of developing crooked toes

Risk Factors

  • Inadequate incubator conditions
  • Eggs were stored for too long prior to incubating (greater than 10 days)
  • The light and dark Brahma chicken breed is more at risk of developing crooked toes, as well as cataracts.